Japan Labor Thanksgiving Day.
November 23th is Japan´s National Holiday to give thanks to its workers
Originally, Labor Day in Japan was a harvest festival, therefore it took place in autumn. The origins of this day come from the rituals of the Asuka period (11th and 12th centuries). Since the reign of Empress Kōgyoku, the people of that time, mainly agricultural workers, thanked Kami (Shinto deities) for the abundance of rice and other products. The sovereign presided over the ceremony making an offering of new rice to the gods before tasting it.
This festival, called Niinamesai, lasted until World War II.
THE INFLUENCE OF THE UNITED STATES.
In 1948, three years after the Japanese surrender to the United States, the Supreme Commander of the allied forces, the military administration of the United States in charge of the occupation of Japan after the war, put an end to the imperial nature of this festival, because he considered his Shinto influence suspicious. It was then that they replaced the holiday with the “day of gratitude to the workers” (Kinro kansha no hi), the holiday as it is known today, it´s a mixture of two American celebrations: Thanksgiving and Labor Day.
A PARTY TO SAY THANKS
According to the Constitution of Japan, on November 23 is dedicated to “honor work, celebrate production,” and encourage people to express “mutual recognition.” The fact that the holiday has evidently evolved since the sixth century, now all sectors are honored, including the service and research industries.
Today, November 23 is a pretext for numerous celebrations in temples and shrines throughout the country that give thanks to those who contribute to the prosperity of the country.